United States Navy
Ships - 2
Bureau of Ships
of Ship Camouflage.
Ship camouflage mean painting a ship for the
purpose of low visibility and of deception in course and range
estimation. Low visibility is secured by reduction of contrast with the
background. Course estimation is rendered difficult by using dark
colors, which make shadows less conspicuous, or by a pattern of confusing
of These Instructions.
Chapter 2 gives specific and detailed
measures for the painting of surface ships and submarines for the purpose of
low visibility and deception. In order to give a reader unfamiliar with
the subject a clear understanding of developments up to the present time,
there is included in Chapter 3 a brief but fairly complete survey of
information resulting from experiments on which the measures are based.
This is the first revision of the
publication "Ship Camouflage Instructions United States Navy. Ships-2.
January 1941." It supplants the original edition in its
entirety. Experimentation consequent upon the issuance of that
publication has led to changes in the colors and minor modifications
have been made in the measures themselves. Certain measures were found
to be ineffective. This caused Measures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 to
become obsolete, and left Measure 9 unchanged. The present revision
presents the old Measure 9 and new Measures 11, 12, 13 and 14. There has
been no Measure 10.
This booklet is assembled in loose leaf form
with the object of facilitating revision as further information becomes
available. It is requested that pertinent comments be submitted via the
chain of command and that instances of notably effective or ineffective
camouflage be noted with particular care taken to evaluate all the
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