United States Navy
Ships - 2
Bureau of Ships
Camouflage Measures for Surface Ships
The following camouflage measures for combatant and
merchant surface ships are to be placed in effect when ordered by competent
authority. Detailed painting instructions for each measure are given in
1. Dark Gray System.
The all around most effective system to be used in
normally CLEAR weather for low visibility to both surface and aerial observers
during day and during night under both direct searchlight and natural
illumination, combined with a certain amount of course deception to surface
2. Graded System.
To be used in ALL KINDS of weather for RELATIVELY low
visibility to both surface and aerial observers day and night, combined with a
certain amount of course and RANGE deception to surface observers.
3. Light Gray System.
To be used in HAZY and FOGGY weather for LOWEST
VISIBILITY TO SURFACE OBSERVERS, but with increased visibility to aerial
4. Black System.
To be used in all kinds of weather for LOWEST
VISIBILITY TO AERIAL OBSERVERS and LOWEST VISIBILITY AT NIGHT under direct
searchlight illumination, combined with a certain maount of course deception
during the day to surface observers. (Primarily for Destroyers).
5. Painted Bow Wave.
To be used in combination with measures 1,2 and 3
(but not 4) to produce a certain amount of SPEED DECEPTION to surface
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